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- History Of The Mackenzies - 100/115 -


Charles Frederick, Captain 2nd (P.W.O.) Goorkhas; Alexander William; Robert Cadell; Isabella Mary, who married George Wade, sculptor, son of Canon Wade, Bristol; Margaret Faimy, the celebrated prima donna and Georgina Caroline. (2) Major-General Donald Macintyre, V.C., who in 1882 married Angelica Alison, daughter of the Rev. T. J. Patteson, Kinnettles, Forfarshire, with issue - Donald; Francis Hector Mackenzie; Ian Agnew Patteson; and Alison Margaret. (3) Colina Maxwell, who, in 1844, married Dr William Brydon, "the last man" or sole survivor of 13,000 men in the disastrous retreat from Cabul to Jellalabad in 1842, who died in 1873, with issue - eight children. (4) Mary Isabella, who in 1849 married General James Travers, V.C.; and (5) Charlotte Anne.

12. Jane Petley, who died young.

13. Isabella, who married, first, Captain Allan Cameron, with issue and secondly, General Sir Hugh Fraser, K.C.B., of Braelangwell, with issue - (1) John Fraser of Braelangwell, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Beauchamp Colclough Urquhart of Meldrum, Aberdeenshire, with issue - Hugh K. Fraser of Braelangwell, and Annie M. Mackenzie Fraser; (2) Hugh Fraser, Lieutenant 71st Regiment, who died without issue; (3) Isabella Forbes Fraser, who married Beauchamp Colclough Urquhart of Meldrum, with issue - Beauchamp Colclough Urquhart; and Isobel A. Urquhart, who married Garden A. Duff of Hatton; (4) Alexander, Captain 10th Regiment, who married a daughter of Major D'Arcy, with issue. Isabella died in 1852.

14. Elizabeth Jane, who died unmarried in 1832.

Captain John's widow died at Park House, Dingwall, on the 4th of January, 1838. He having died at Kincraig on the 29th of April, 1822, aged 72 years, when he was succeeded by his eldest son,

VII. RODERICK MACKENZIE, Major H.E.I.C.S., who married in 1836, Katharine, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, of Millbank, son of Bailie Hector Mackenzie, of Dingwall, a cadet of Letterewe and Gairloch, with issue -

1. Roderick, his heir and successor.

2. Katharine, who died unmarried in 1870.

3. Eliza Jane, who married George Martineau, with issue - George; William; Alfred; and a daughter Katherine.

4. Mary Ann, unmarried.

5. Alice, who married Alexander Edmond, without issue.

Major Roderick died at Kincraig on the 6th of April, 1853, and was succeeded by his only son.

VIII. CAPTAIN RODERICK MACKENZIE, late of Kincraig, who, on the 5th of February, 1867, married Georgina Adelaide, daughter of Roderick Mackenzie, IV. of Flowerburn, without issue.

THE MACKENZIES OF CROMARTY.

THIS family, next to the House of Kintail and Seaforth, played the most important part in the history of the Highlands. They are descended from Sir Roderick Mackenzie of Coigeach, Tutor of Kintail, who in his day took such a conspicuous part in the affairs of the Clan. His career is noticed at considerable length in the history of the Seaforth family, and need not here be enlarged upon. He was the second son of Colin Cam Mackenzie, XI. of Kintail, by Barbara, daughter of John Grant, XII. of Grant. He was a brave and resolute man. On a certain occasion he seized MacNeil of Barra by stratagem, and carried that chief, of whom Queen Elizabeth had been complaining, to the Court of King James at Holyrood. When brought into His Majesty's presence MacNeil, who, much to the surprise of all, was a tall, good-looking man of reverend aspect, with a long grey beard, proved a match for the King. When asked by His Majesty what could induce him to commit so many piracies and robberies on the Queen of England's subjects, he replied that he thought he was doing the King good service by annoying "a woman who had murdered his mother." James exclaimed, "The devil take the carle! Rorie, take him with you again, and dispose of him and his fortune as you please." On another occasion, when Sir Roderick was passing through Athole on his way to Edinburgh, in the interest of his ward, he was stopped and found fault with by the men of that district for passing through their country without the permission of their lord. The Tutor dismounted and sought out a stone, on which he began to sharpen his claymore, whereupon the Athole men, from a safe distance, asked him what he was doing? "I am going to make a road," was the ready answer. "You shall make no road here." "Oh, I don't seek to do so; but I shall make it between your lord's head and his shoulders if I am hindered from pursuing my lawful business." On hearing this retort the Athole men retired, and on reaching their master told him what had occurred. "It was either the devil or the Tutor of Kintail," his Lordship replied, "let him have a free path for ever." That he was severe in his position as Tutor is clear from the following proverb; still current in Ross-shire: "There are but two things worse than the Tutor of Kintail - frost in spring and mist in the dog days." He married Margaret, daughter and co-heiress of Torquil Macleod, "Torquil Cononach" of the Lewis, Coigeach, and Assynt, with whom Roderick obtained her father's mainland possessions, previously, however, in 1605, granted by Torquil to Kenneth Mackenzie, X. of Kintail, Sir Roderick's eldest brother. He purchased Milton and Tarbat Ness in Easter Ross from the Munroes. He had issue by his wife -

1. John, his heir and successor, afterwards Sir John Mackenzie of Tarbat.

2. Kenneth, I. of Scatwell, of whose family presently.

3. Colin, I of Tarvie, who married Isobel, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, V. of Gairloch, and widow of John Mackenzie of Lochslinn, with issue.

4. Alexander, I. of Ballone, of whom after Scatwell.

5. James. 6. Charles. Both died unmarried.

7. Margaret, who married Sir James Macdonald, IX. of Sleat, with issue - his heir and successor, and others.

He had also a natural son, the Rev. John Mackenzie, Archdean of Ross, who, by his wife, Christian, daughter of John Wemyss of Lathocker, had issue - the Rev. Roderick Mackenzie, first of Avoch, in 1671 Sub-Chaunter of Ross, and several other children. He died in 1666.

In 1609 Sir Roderick was knighted for the part he took, along with his brother Kenneth, first Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, in pacifying the Lewis and civilising its inhabitants.

He died in 1628, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

SIR JOHN MACKENZIE of Tarbat, created a Baronet of Nova Scotia on the 21st of May, 1628. He married Margaret, daughter of Sir George Erskine of Innerteil, a Lord of Session, with issue -

1. George, his heir and successor.

2. John, who died young.

3. Sir Roderick, who has a sasine as third son in June, 1654. He was M.P. in 1700 for Cromarty, and in 1703 for the Burgh of Fortrose. He was subsequently raised to the Bench as Lord Prestonhall, and married, first, Margaret, daughter of Dr Burnet, Archbishop of St. Andrews, with issue - Alexander Mackenzie of Fraserdale, who, in 1702, married Amelia, eldest daughter of Hugh, Xth Lord Lovat, with issue--several sons and daughters. Alexander's representation was proved extinct in 1826. Lord Prestonhall married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of Haliburton of Pitcur, widow of Sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh, without issue.

4. Alexander, I. of Ardloch, whose representatives became heirs male to the Cromarty titles.

5. Kenneth, who married Isobell Auckinleck, with issue--Kenneth, who died without issue.

6. James, M.D., who died unmarried.

7. Margaret, who married, first, Roderick Macleod, XV. of Macleod, without surviving issue; and secondly, Sir James Campbell of Lawers, Perthshire.

8. Ann, who married Hugh, IXth Lord Lovat, with issue.

9. Isabel, who married Kenneth, third Earl of Seaforth, with issue - his heir and successor, and others.

10. Barbara, who married Alexander Mackenzie, VII. of Gairloch, with issue.

11. Catherine, who married Sir Colin Campbell of Aberuchil, with issue.

Sir John died in 1654, when he was succeeded by his eldest son,

I. SIR GEORGE MACKENZIE, created first Earl of Cromarty, who made a distinguished figure in the history of his country during the reigns of Charles II., James II., and William III. In 1661, at the early age of 31, he was made a Lord of Session. He subsequently held the offices of Lord-Justice-General and Clerk-Register of Scotland. When Maitland got into favour Sir George shared the fall of his patron, Lord Middleton, but on the death of the Duke of Lauderdale he again got into favour, and, until the close of the reign of King James, he held the principal sway and power in Scottish affairs. He was accessory, if not the principal, in putting Spence and Carstairs to the torture of the boot and thumb-screw after the rebellion of Argyll. In 1685 King James ennobled him by the title of Viscount Tarbat, Lord Macleod and Castlehaven. During the reign of William III. his influence became much diminished, but he afterwards got into power, and, on the accession of Queen Anne, he again became a Royal favourite, and was by her in 1703 created Earl of Cromarty, and made Secretary of State for Scotland. He subsequently resigned this office and took up his old post of Justice-General, and recompensed Her Majesty's favours by strongly advocating with voice and pen the Union between England and Scotland, of which he was the original proposer. In 1710, after 60 years of the most active public service, he retired into private life.

That he possessed ability of a very high order is undoubted, though


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