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- The American Woman's Home - 3/80 -


danger of causing a new reaction--American girls should do more work--Social estimate of domestic service--Dearth of intelligent domestic help--Proper mode of treating servants--General rules and special suggestions--Hints from experience--Woman's first "right," liberty to do what she can--Domestic duties not to be neglected for operations in other spheres--Servants to be treated with respect--Errors of heartless and of too indulgent employers--Mistresses of American families necessarily missionaries and instructors.

XXVI.

_CARE Of THE SICK._

Prominence given to care and cure of the sick by our Saviour--Every woman should know what to do in the case of illness--Simple remedies best--Fasting and perspiration--Evils of constipation--Modes of relieving it--Remedies for colds--Unwise to tempt the appetite of the sick--Suggestion for the sick-room--Ventilation--Needful articles--The room, bed, and person of the patient to be kept neat--Care to preserve animal warmth--The sick, the delicate, the aged--Food always to be carefully prepared and neatly served--Little modes of refreshment-- Implicit obedience to the physician--Care in purchasing medicines-- Exhibition of cheerfulness, gentleness, and sympathy--Knowledge and experience of mind--Lack of competent nurses--Failings of nurses-- Sensitiveness of the sick--"Sisters of Charity," the reason why they are such excellent nurses--Illness in the family a providential opportunity of training children to love and usefulness.

XXVII.

_ACCIDENTS AND ANTIDOTES._

Mode of treating cuts, wounds, severed arteries--Bad bruises to be bathed In hot water--Sprains treated with hot fomentation and rest--Burns cured by creosote, wood-soot, or flour--Drowning; most approved mode of treatment--Poisons and their antidotes--Soda, saleratus, potash, sulphuric or oxalic acid, lime or baryta, iodine or iodide of potassium, prussic acid, antimony, arsenic, lead, nitrate of silver, phosphorus, alcohol, tobacco, opium, strychnia--Bleeding at the lungs, stomach, throat, nose--Accidents from lightning-- Stupefaction, from coal-gas or foul air--Fire--Fainting--Coolness and presence of mind.

XXVIII.

_SEWING, CUTTING, AND MENDING._

Different kinds of Stitch--Overstitch--Hems--Tucks--Fells--Gores-- Buttonholes--Whipping--Gathering--Darning--Basting--Sewing--Work- baskets--To make a frock--Patterns--Fitting--Lining--Thin Silks-- Fitted and plain silks--Plaids--Stripes--Linen and Cotton--How to buy--Shirts--Chemises--Night-gowns--Under-skirts--Mending--Silk dresses--Broadcloth--Hose--Shoes, etc.--Bedding--Mattresses-- Sheeting--Bed-linen.

XXIX.

_FIRES AND LIGHTS._

Wood fires--Shallow fireplaces--Utensils--The best wood for fires --How to measure a load--Splitting and piling--Ashes--Cleaning up-- Stoves and grates--Ventilation--Moisture--Stove-pipe thimbles-- Anthracite coal--Bituminous coal--Care to be used in erecting stoves and pipes--Lights--Poor economy to use bad light--Gas--Oil--Kerosene-- Points to be considered: Steadiness, Color, Heat--Argand burners-- Dangers of kerosene--Tests of its safety and light-giving qualities-- Care of lamps--Utensils needed--Shades--Night-lamps--How to make candles--Moulded--Dipped--Rush-lights.

XXX.

_THE CARE OF ROOMS._

Parlors--Cleansing--Furniture--Pictures--Hearths and jambs--Stains in marble--Carpets--Chambers and bedrooms--Ventilation--How to make a bed properly--Servants should have single beds and comfortable rooms--Kitchens--Light--Air--Cleanliness--How to make a cheap oil-cloth--The sink--Washing dishes--Kitchen furniture--Crockery-- Ironware--Tinware--Basketware--Other articles--Closets--Cellars--Dryness and cleanliness imperative necessities--Store-rooms--Modes of destroying insects and vermin.

XXXI.

_THE CARE OF YARDS AND GARDENS._

Preparation of soil for pot-plants--For hot-beds--For planting flower seeds--For garden seeds--Transplanting--To re-pot house plants--The laying out of yards and gardens--Transplanting trees--The care of house plants.

XXXII.

_THE PROPAGATION OF PLANTS._

Propagation of bulbous roots--Propagation of plants by shoots--By layers-Budding and grafting--The outer and inner bark--Detailed description of operations--Seed-fruit--Stone-fruit--Rose hushes-- Ingrafting--Stock grafting--Pruning--Perpendicular shoots to be taken out, horizontal or curved shoots retained--All fruit-buds coming out after midsummer to be rubbed off--Suckers--Pruning to be done after sap is in circulation.--Thinning--Leaves to be removed when they shade fruit near maturity--Fruit to be removed when too abundant for good quality--How to judge.

XXXIII.

_THE CULTIVATION OF FRUIT._

A pleasant, easy, and profitable occupation--Soil for a nursery-- Planting of seeds--Transplanting--Pruning--Filberts--Figs--Currants-- Gooseberries--Raspberries--Strawberries--Grapes--Modes of preserving fruit trees--The yellows--Moths--Caterpillars--Brulure-Curculio--Canker- worm.

XXXIV.

_THE CARE OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS._

Interesting association of animals with man, from childhood to age--Domestic animals apt to catch the spirit of their masters-- Important necessities--Good feeding--Shelter--Cleanliness--Destruction of parasitic vermin--Salt and water--Light--Exercise--Rule for breeding--Care of Horses: feeding, grooming, special treatment--Cows: stabling, feed, calving, milking, tethering--Swine: naturally cleanly, breeding, fresh water, charcoal, feeding--Sheep: winter treatment--Diet --Sorting--Use of sheep in clearing land-Pasture--Hedges and fences--Poultry--Turkeys--Geese--Ducks--Fowls--Dairy work generally--Bees--Care of domestic animals, occupation for women.

XXXV.

_EARTH-CLOSETS._

Deodorization and preservation of excrementitious matter--The earth-closet--Waring's pamphlet--The agricultural argument--Necessity of returning to the soil the elements taken from it--Earth-closet based on power of clay and inorganic matter to absorb and retain odors and fertilizing matter--Its construction--Mode of use--The ordinary privy--The commode or portable house-privy--Especial directions: things to be observed--Repeated use of earth--Other advantages--Sick-rooms--House-labor--Cleanliness--Economy.

XXXVI.

_WARMING AND VENTILATION._

Open fireplace nearest to natural mode by which earth is warmed and ventilated--Origin of diseases--Necessity of pure air to life --Statistics--General principles of ventilation--Mode of Lewis Leeds--Ventilation of buildings planned in this work--The pure-air conductor--The foul-air exhausting-flue--Stoves--Detailed arrangements--Warming--Economy of time, labor, and expense in the cottage plan--After all schemes, the open fireplace the best.

XXXVII.

_CARE OF THE HOMELESS, THE HELPLESS, AND THE VICIOUS._

Recommendations of the Massachusetts Board of State Charities--Pauper and criminal classes should be scattered in Christian homes instead of gathered into large institutions--Facts recently published concerning the poor of New-York--Sufferings of the poor, deterioration of the rich--Christian principles of benevolence--Plan for a Christian city house--Suggestions to wealthy and unoccupied women--Roman Catholic works--Protestant duties--The highest mission of woman. XXXVIII.

_THE CHRISTIAN NEIGHBORHOOD._

Spirit of Christian Missions--Present organizations under church direction too mechanical--Christian family influence the true instrument of Gospel propagation--Practical suggestions for gathering a Christian family in neglected neighborhoods--Plan of church, school-house, and family-dwelling in one building--Mode of use for various purposes--Nucleus and gathering of a family--Christian work for Christian women--Children--Orphans--Servants--Neglected ones--Household training--Roman Catholic Nuns--The South--The West--The neglected interior of older States--Power of such examples--Rapid spread of their influence--Anticipation of the glorious consummation to be hoped for--Prophecy in the Scriptures--Cowper's noble vision of the millennial glory.

APPEAL TO AMERICAN WOMEN.

GLOSSARY OF WORDS AND REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION.

The authors of this volume, while they sympathize with every honest effort to relieve the disabilities and sufferings of their sex, are confident that the chief cause of these evils is the fact that the honor and duties of the family state are not duly appreciated, that women are not trained for these duties as men are trained for their trades and professions, and that, as the consequence, family labor is poorly done, poorly paid, and regarded as menial and disgraceful.


The American Woman's Home - 3/80

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books - games - software - wallpaper - everything