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- The Life of John Milton Vol. 3 1643-1649 - 1/128 -
THE LIFE OF JOHN MILTON: NARRATED IN CONNEXION WITH THE POLITICAL, ECCLESIASTICAL, AND LITERARY HISTORY OF HIS TIME. VOL. III. 1643-1649.
BY DAVID MASSON, M.A., LL.D.
JULY 1643--MARCH 1643-4.
_HISTORY_:--FIRST EIGHT MONTHS OF THE WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY: CIVIL WAR AND THE LONG PARLIAMENT CONTINUED.
_BIOGRAPHY_:--MILTON STILL IN ALDERSGATE STREET: HIS MARRIAGE MISFORTUNE: HIS FIRST DIVORCE TREATISE.
I. The Westminster Assembly in Session--The Solemn League and Covenant: Scottish Commissioners in the Assembly--Debates on Church-Government: _Apologetical Narration_ of the Independents--Parliamentary Proceedings--Scottish Auxiliary Army in England
II. Milton unhappy in his Marriage: His First Divorce Tract: Two Editions of it
MARCH 1644-MARCH 1645.
_HISTORY_:--THE YEAR OF MARSTON MOOR: CIVIL WAR, LONG PARLIAMENT, AND WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY CONTINUED--STRUGGLE OF INDEPENDENCY WITH PRESBYTERIANISM: TOLERATION CONTROVERSY: ENGLISH SECTS AND SECTARIES-- PRESBYTERIAN SETTLEMENT VOTED--NEW MODEL OF THE ARMY.
_BIOGRAPHY_:--MILTON AMONG THE SECTARIES: HIS SECOND DIVORCE PAMPHLET, _TRACT ON EDUCATION_, _AREOPAGITICA_, _TETRACHORDON_, AND _COLISTERION_.
I. Inactivity of the Scottish Auxiliaries--Spread of Independency and Multiplication of Sects--Visitation of the University of Cambridge-- Battle of Marston Moor--Fortnight's Vacation of the Westminster Assembly (July 23-August 7, 1644),--Principle of Toleration and State of the Toleration Controversy: Synopsis of English Sects and Sectaries in 1644.- -Resumption of Assembly's Proceedings: Denunciation of Picked Sectaries and Heretics--Cromwell's Interference for Independency: Accommodation Order of Parliament--Presbyterian Settlement voted--Essex beaten and the War flagging: Self-denying Ordinance and New Model of the Army-- Parliamentary Vengeances: Death of Laud
II. Milton among the Sectaries, and in a "World of Disesteem": Story of Mrs. Attaway--Samuel Hantlib, John Durie, and John Amos Comenius: Schemes of a Reformed Education, and Project of a London University--Milton's _Tract on Education_, and Method with his Pupils--His Second Divorce Tract, or Compilation from Bucer--Mr. Herbert Palmer's Attack on Milton from the Pulpit--Milton and the Stationers' Company: Their Accusation of him in a Petition to the Commons--His _Areopagitica_, or Speech for the Liberty of Unlicensed Printing--Anger of the Stationers, and their Complaint against Milton to the Lords: Consequence of the Complaint--The Divorce Question continued: Publication of Mr. Herbert Palmer's Sermon, and farther Attacks on Milton by Prynne, Dr. Featley, and an Anonymous Pamphleteer--_Tetrachordon_ and _Colasterion_: Their Replies to the Assailants.
APRIL 1645-AUGUST 1646.
_HISTORY_:--SIXTEEN MONTHS OF THE NEW MODEL, AND OF THE LONG PARLIAMENT AND WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY CONTINUED.--BATTLE OF NASEBY AND ITS CONSEQUENCES: EPISODE OF MONTROSE IN SCOTLAND: FLIGHT OF THE KING TO THE SCOTS AND CONCLUSION OF THE CIVIL WAR.--PROGRESS OF THE TOLERATION CONTROVERSY AND OF THE STRUGGLE BETWEEN THE PRESBYTERIANS AND THE INDEPENDENTS.--LONDON AND LANCASHIRE PRESBYTERIANIZED.
_BIOGRAPHY_:--RETURN OF MILTON'S WIFE: HIS REMOVAL FROM ALDERSGATE STREET TO BARBICAN: FIRST EDITION OF HIS POEMS: THREE MORE SONNETS: CONTINUED PRESBYTERIAN ATTACKS ON MILTON: HIS RETALIATION: TROUBLES OF THE POWELL FAMILY.
I. Composition of the New Model, and View of the Work lying before it-- First Actions of the New Model--Cromwell retained in Command: Battle of Naseby: Other Successes of the New Model--Poor Performance of the Scottish Auxiliary Army--Episode of Montrose in Scotland--Fag-end of the War in England, and Flight of the King to the Scots--Fallen and Risen Stars.
II. Work in Parliament and the Westminster Assembly during the Sixteen Months of the New Model--The two continued Church Controversies-- Independency and Sectarianism in the New Model: Toleration Controversy continued: Cromwell's part in it: Lilburne and other Pamphleteers: Sion College and the Corporation of London: Success of the Presbyterians in Parliament--Presbyterian Frame of Church Government completed: Details of the Arrangement--The Recruiting of the Commons: Eminent Recruiters-- Effects of the Recruiting: Alliance of Independency and Erastianism: Check given to the Presbyterians: Westminster Assembly rebuked and curbed--Negotiations round the King at Newcastle--Threatened Rupture between the Scots and the English: Argyle's Visit to London: The Nineteen Propositions--Parliament and the Assembly reconciled: Presbyterianizing of London and Lancashire: Death of Alexander Henderson.
III. Effects of Milton's _Areopagitica_--His Intention of another Marriage: His Wife's Return and Reconciliation with him--Removal from Aldersgate Street to Barbican--First Edition of Milton's Collected Poems: Humphrey Moseley the Bookseller--Two Divorce Sonnets and Sonnet to Henry Lawes--Continued Presbyterian Attacks on Milton: His Anti-Presbyterian Sonnet of Reply--Surrender of Oxford: Condition of the Powell Family--The Powells in London: More Family Perplexities: Birth of Milton's first Child.
AUGUST 1646--JANUARY 1648-9.
_HISTORY_:--THE LAST TWO YEARS AND A HALF OF THE REIGN OF CHARLES I.:--
I. HIS CONTINUED CAPTIVITY WITH THE SCOTS AT NEWCASTLE, AND FAILURE OF HIS NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE PRESBYTERIANS;
II. HIS CAPTIVITY AT HOLMBY HOUSE, AND THE QUARREL BETWEEN THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT AND THE ENGLISH ARMY;
III. HIS CAPTIVITY WITH THE ENGLISH ARMY, AND THEIR PROPOSALS TO HIM;
IV. HIS CAPTIVITY IN THE ISLE OF WIGHT, AND THE SECOND CIVIL WAR;
V. HIS TRIAL AND DOOM.
_BIOGRAPHY_:--MILTON IN BARBICAN AND IN HIGH HOLBORN.--PRIVATE AND PUBLIC ANXIETIES: ODE TO ROUS, TWO MORE SONNETS, AND TRANSLATION OF NINE PSALMS: OTHER WORKS IN PROGRESS: LETTERS TO AND FROM CARLO DATI.
I. Charles in his Captivity First Stage of the Captivity: Still with the Scots at Newcastle: Aug. 1646--Jan. 1646-7.--Balancings of Charles between the Presbyterians and the Independents--His Negotiations in the Presbyterian direction: The Hamiltons his Agents among the Scots--His Attempt to negotiate with the Independents: Will Murray in London-- Interferences of the Queen from France: Davenant's Mission to Newcastle-- The Nineteen Propositions unanswered: A Personal Treaty offered-- Difficulties between the Scots and the English Parliament--Their Adjustment: Departure of the Scots from England, and Cession of Charles to the English--Westminster Assembly Business, and Progress of the Presbyterian Settlement
Second Stage of the Captivity: At Holmby House: Feb. 1646-7--June 1647.-- The King's Manner of Life at Holmby--New Omens in his favour from the Relations of Parliament to its own Army--Proposals to disband the Army and reconstruct part of it for service in Ireland--Summary of Irish Affairs since 1641--Army's Anger at the Proposal to disband it--View of the State of the Army: Medley of Religious Opinions in it. Passion for Toleration: Prevalence of Democratic Tendencies: The Levellers-- Determination of the Presbyterians for the Policy of Disbandment, and Votes in Parliament to that effect--Resistance of the Army: Petitions and Remonstrances from the Officers and Men: Regimental Agitators--Cromwell's Efforts at Accommodation: Fairfax's Order for a General Rendezvous-- Cromwell's Adhesion to the Army--The Rendezvous at Newmarket, and Joyce's Abduction of the King from Holmby--Westminster Assembly Business: First Provincial Synod of London: Proceedings for the Purgation of Oxford University
Third Stage of the Captivity: The King with the Army: June-Nov. 1647.-- Effects of Joyce's Abduction of the King--Movements of the Army: their Denunciation of Eleven of the Presbyterian Leaders: Parliamentary Alarms and Concessions--Presbyterian Phrenzy of the London Populace: Parliament mobbed, and Presbyterian Votes carried by Mob-law: Flight of the two Speakers and their Adherents: Restoration of the Eleven--March of the Army upon London: Military Occupation of the City: The Mob quelled, Parliament reinstated, and the Eleven expelled--Generous Treatment of the King by the Army: His Conferences with Fairfax, Cromwell, and Ireton--The Army's _Heads of Proposals_, and Comparison of the same with the _Nineteen Propositions_ of the Parliament--The King at Hampton Court, still demurring privately over the _Heads of Proposals_, but playing them off publicly against the _Nineteen Propositions:_ Army at Putney-- Cromwell's Motion for a Recast of the _Nineteen Propositions_ and Re- application to the King on that Basis: Consequences of the Compromise-- Intrigues at Hampton Court: Influence of the Scottish Commissioners there: King immoveable--Impatience of the Army at Putney: Cromwell under Suspicion: New Activity of the Agitatorships: Growth of Levelling Doctrines among the Soldiers: _Agreement of the People_--Cromwell breaks utterly with the King: Meetings of the Army Officers at Putney: Proposed Concordat between the Army and Parliament--The King's Escape to the Isle of Wight
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