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- Himalayan Journals V2. - 2/94 -


Dorjiling -- Dr. Thomson joins me -- Movement of troops at Dorjiling -- Seizure of Rajah's Terai property.

CHAPTER XXVII.

Leave Dorjiling for Calcutta -- Jung Bahadoor -- Dr. Falconer -- Improvements in Botanic Gardens -- Palmetum -- Victoria -- _Amherstia_ -- Orchids spread by seed -- Banyan -- _Cycas_ -- Importation of American plants in ice -- Return to Dorjiling -- Leave with Dr. Thomson for the Khasia mountains -- Mahanuddy river -- Vegetation of banks -- Maldah -- Alligators -- Rampore-Bauleah -- Climate of Ganges -- Pubna -- Jummul river -- Altered course of Burrampooter and Megna -- Dacca -- Conch shells -- Saws -- Cotton muslins -- Fruit -- Vegetation -- Elevation -- Rose of Bengal -- Burrampooter -- Delta of Soormah river -- Jheels -- Soil -- Vegetation -- Navigation -- Mosquitos -- Atmospheric pressure -- Effects of geological changes -- Imbedding of plants -- Teelas or islets -- Chattuc -- Salubrious climate -- Rains -- Canoes -- Pundua -- Mr. Harry Inglis -- Terrya Ghat -- Ascent to Churra -- Scenery and vegetation at foot of mountains -- Cascades.

CHAPTER XXVIII.

Churra, English station of -- Khasia people -- Garrow people -- Houses -- Habits -- Dress -- Arms -- Dialects -- Marriages -- Food -- Funerals -- Superstitions -- Flat of Churra -- Scenery -- Lime and coal -- Mamloo -- Cliffs -- Cascades -- _Chamaerops_ palm -- Jasper-rocks -- Flora of Churra -- Orchids -- Rhododendrons -- Pine -- Climate -- Extraordinaiy rain-fall -- Its effects -- Gardens of Lieuts. Raban and Cave -- Leave Churra to cross the mountain range -- Coal, shale, and under-clay -- Kala-panee river -- Lailangkot -- _Luculia Pinceana_ -- Conglomerate -- Surureem wood -- Boga-panee river -- View of Himalaya -- Greenstone -- Age of pine-cones -- Moflong plants -- _Coix_ -- Chillong mountain -- Extensive view -- Road to Syong -- Broad valleys -- Geology -- Plants -- Myrung -- Granite blocks -- Kollong rock -- Pine-woods -- Features of country -- Orchids -- Iron forges.

CHAPTER XXIX.

View of Himalaya from the Khasia -- Great masses of snow -- Chumulari -- Donkia -- Grasses -- Nunklow -- Assam valley and Burrampooter -- Tropical forest -- Bor-panee -- Rhododendrons -- Wild elephants -- Blocks of Syenite -- Return to Churra -- Coal -- August temperature -- Leave for Chela -- Jasper hill -- Birds -- _Arundina_ -- Habits of leaf-insects -- Curious village -- Houses -- Canoes -- Boga-panee river -- Jheels -- Chattuc -- Churra -- Leave for Jyntea hills -- Trading parties -- Dried fish -- Cherries -- Cinnamon -- Fraud -- Pea-violet -- Nonkreem -- Sandstone -- Pines -- Granite boulders -- Iron washing -- Forges -- Tanks -- Siberian _Nymphaea_ -- Barren country -- Pomrang -- _Podostemon_ -- Patchouli plant -- Mooshye -- Enormous stone slabs -- Pitcher-plant -- Joowye -- Cultivation and vegetation -- _Hydropeltis_ -- Sulky hostess -- Nurtiung -- _Hamamelis chinensis_ -- Bor-panee river -- Sacred grove and gigantic stone structures -- Altars -- Pyramids, etc. -- Origin of names -- _Yandaca coerulea_ -- Collections -- November vegetation -- Geology of Khasia -- Sandstone -- Coal -- Lime -- Gneiss -- Greenstone -- Tidal action -- Strike of rocks -- Comparison with Rajmahal hills and the Himalaya.

CHAPTER XXX.

Best voyage to Silhet -- River -- Palms -- Teelas -- Botany -- Fish weirs -- Forests of Cachar -- Sandal-wood, etc. -- Porpoises -- Alligators -- Silchar -- Tigers -- Rice crops -- Cookies -- Munniporees -- Hockey -- Varnish -- Dance -- Nagas -- Excursion to Munnipore frontier -- Elephant bogged -- Bamboos -- _Cardiopteris_ -- Climate, etc., of Cachar -- Mosquitos -- Fall of banks -- Silhet -- Oaks -- _Stylidium_ -- Tree-ferns -- Chattuc -- Megna -- Meteorology -- Palms -- Noa-colly -- Salt-smuggling -- Delta of Ganges and Megna -- Westward progress of Megna -- Peat -- Tide -- Waves -- Earthquakes -- Dangerous navigation -- Moonlight scenes -- Mud island -- Chittagong -- Mug tribes -- Views -- Trees -- Churs -- Flagstaff hill -- Coffee -- Pepper -- Tea, etc. -- Excursions from Chittagong -- _Dipterocarpi_ or Gurjun oil trees -- Earthquake -- Birds -- Papaw -- Bleeding of stems -- Poppy and Sun fields -- -- Seetakoond -- Bungalow and hill -- Perpetual flame -- _Falconeria -- Cycas_ -- Climate -- Leave for Calcutta -- Hattiah island -- Plants -- 8underbunds -- Steamer -- Tides -- _Nipa fruticans_ -- Fishing -- Otters -- Crocodiles -- _Phoenix paludosa_ -- Departure from India.

APPENDIX

=====================

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

LITHOGRAPHIC VIEWS.

Fig. VI. View of Kinchinjunga from Singtam, looking north-westward. p.14 Fig. VII. Kinchinjunga from the Thlonok river, with rhododendrons in flower. Frontispiece Fig. VIII. Tibet and Cholamoo lake from the summit of the Donkia pass, looking north-west. p.124 Fig. IX. Kinchinjhow, Donkia, and Cholamoo lake, from the summit of Bhomtso, looking south; the summit of Chumulari is introduced in the extreme left of the view. p.166 Fig. X. The table-land and station of Churra, with the Jheels, course of the Soormah river, and Tipperah hills in the extreme distance, looking south. p.277 Fig. XI. The Bhotan Himalaya, Assam valley, and Burrampooter river, from Nunklow, looking north. p.300 Fig. XII. Seetakoond hill. p.352

WOOD ENGRAVINGS.

Fig. 1. Pandanus in the Teesta valley. p.9 Fig. 2. Cane-bridge over the Lachen-Lachoong river, below Choongtam. Tukcham mountain is brought into the view, as seen from a higher elevation. p.21 Fig. 3. _Juniperus recurva,_ the weeping juniper. p.28 Fig. 4. Lamteng village, with Tukcham in the distance. p.35 Fig. 5. Black juniper and young larch. p.55 Fig. 6. Tungu village, with yaks in the foreground. p.73 Fig. 7. Women's head-dresses--the two outer, Lepcha girls; the two inner, Tibetan women. p.86 Fig. 8. Tibet marmot. Sketched by J. E. Winterbottom, Esq. p.93 Fig. 9. Lachoong valley (looking south), larch tree in the foreground. p.103 Fig. 10. Conical ancient moraines in the Lachoong valley, with _Abies brunoniana_ and _smithiana_. p.104 Fig. 11. Head and legs of Tibet marmot. Sketched by J. E. Winterbottom, Esq. p.106 Fig. 12. Block of gneiss with granite bands, on the Kinchinjhow glacier. p.135 Fig. 13. Summit of forked Donkia mountain, with Goa antelopes in the foreground; from 17,500 feet elevation. p.139 Fig. 14. View of the eastern top of Kinchinjhow, and Tibet in the distance, with wild sheep in the foreground; from an elevation of 18,000 feet. p.140 Fig. 15. Head of Chiru antelope, the unicorn of Tibet. From a sketch by Lieut. H. Maxwell. p.158 Fig. 16. A Phud, or Tibetan mendicant. Sketched at Dorjiling by Miss Colvile. p.187 Fig. 17. Tea (brick of), tea-pot, wooden cup, etc. p.189 Fig. 18. Portrait of Aden Tchebu Lama. Sketched by Lieut. H. Maxwell. p.193 Fig. 19. Silver chain and hooks, ornamented with turquoises, used to fasten women's cloaks. p.195 Fig. 20. Horns of the Showa stag of Tibet (_Cervus wallichii_). Sketched by Lieut. H. Maxwell. p.214 Fig. 21. Rajah's house at Tumloong, in the foreground the cottage in which Dr. Campbell was confined, with the Dewan's retinue passing. This is partly executed from memory. p.217 Fig. 22. Tibetan tobacco-pipe and tinder-pouch, with steel attached. p.219 Fig. 23. Lepcha sepoys, the right hand figures, and Tibetan ones on the left. p.235 Fig. 24. Dr. Falconer's residence, Calcutta Botanic Gardens; from Sir L. Peel's grounds, looking across the Hoogly. p.243 Fig. 25. View in the Jheels of Bengal, with Khasia mountains in the distance. p.261 Fig. 26. Living bridge, formed of the aerial roots of figs. p.269 Fig. 27. Dewan's ear-ring of pearl and turquoises. p.271 Fig. 28. Waterfalls at Mamloo, with fan-palms. p.279 Fig. 29. Kollong rock. p.295 Fig. 30. Chela, on the Boga-panee river. p.307 Fig. 31. Nonkreem village, with boulders of denudation. p.311 Fig. 32. Bellows of iron smelters in the Khasia mountains. p.312 Fig. 33. Old bridge at Amwee. p.315 Fig. 34. Stones at Nurtiung. p.320 Fig. 35. _Dipterocarpus turbinatus,_ gurjun or wood-oil tree. p.349

HIMALAYAN JOURNALS.

CHAPTER XVIII.

Arrangements for second journey into Sikkim -- Opposition of Dewan -- Lassoo Kajee -- Tendong -- Legend of flood -- Lama of Sillok-foke -- Namtchi -- Tcbebu Lama -- Top of Tendong -- Gigantic oak -- Plants -- Teesta valley -- Commencement of rains -- Bhomsong -- Ascent to Lathiang -- View -- Bad road -- Orcbids -- Gorh -- Opposition of Lama -- Arrival of Meepo -- Cross Teesta -- Difficulties of travelling -- Lepchas swimming -- Moxa for sprains -- Singtam -- Grandeur of view of Kinchinjunga -- Wild men -- Singtam Soubah -- Landslips -- Bees'-nests and honey-seekers -- Leeches, etc. -- Cbakoong -- Vegetation -- Gravel terraces -- Unpleasant effects of wormwood -- Choongtam, scenery and vegetation of -- Inhabitants -- Tibetan salute -- Lamas -- Difficulty of procuring food -- Contrast of vegetation of inner and outer Himalaya -- Rhododendrons -- Yew -- _Abies Brunoniana_ -- Venomous snakes -- Hornets and other insects -- Choongtam temple -- Pictures of Lhassa -- Minerals -- Scenery.

After my return from the Terai, I was occupied during the month of April in preparations for an expedition to the loftier parts of Sikkim. The arrangements were the same as for my former journey, except with regard to food, which it was necessary should be sent out to me at intervals; for we had had ample proof that the resources of the country were not equal to provisioning a party of from forty to fifty men, even had the Dewan been favourable to my travelling, which was clearly not the case.

Dr. Campbell communicated to the Rajah my intention of starting early


Himalayan Journals V2. - 2/94

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