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- The Prospective Mother - 45/45 -

INFECTION.--A disease due to bacteria.

INTESTINE.--The bowels; the long membranous tube extending from the stomach to the rectum.

INVOLUTION.--The process by which the uterus returns after child- birth to its former size and position.

LACTATION.--The secretion of milk.

LIGAMENT.--A band of tissue serving to bind one part of the body to another.

LIGATURE.--Anything that serves for tying a blood-vessel.

LOCHIA.--The discharge continuing for several weeks after the birth of a child.

LOTION.--Any liquid holding in solution medicinal substances intended for application to the skin.

LUNAR MONTH.--A month of twenty-eight days.

MAMMAL.--The highest order of animal, namely, one which suckles its young.

MAMMARY.--Relating to the breast.

MASTICATION.--The act of chewing.

MENOPAUSE.--The permanent abolishment of the menstrual process, which generally occurs between the 45th and the 50th years.

MICRO-ORGANISMS.--Bacteria and other living agents of disease which are visible only with the aid of the microscope.

MISCARRIAGE.--The termination of pregnancy prior to the seventh month.

MUCOUS MEMBRANE.--The lining of certain cavities of the body, such as the mouth, stomach, intestine, uterus, etc.

MUCUS.--The material manufactured by the glands in a mucous membrane.

MUSCLE-FIBERS.--The muscle-cells.

NARCOTICS.--Drugs which produce sleep.

NITROGEN.--One of the chemical elements.

NUCLEUS.--A clearly defined area found in every cell which seems to be its seat of government.

OBSTETRICS.--The branch of medicine which deals with the treatment and care of women during pregnancy and child-birth.

OVARY.--The organ which contains the egg-cells or ova.

OVIDUCTS.--Two tubes, each of which leads from the neighborhood of one of the ovaries; both terminate in the uterus.

OVUM.--An egg: the cell contributed by the mother to her offspring.

OXYGEN.--One of the chemical elements.

PATHOLOGY.--The branch of medicine which deals with the altered structure and activity of diseased organs.

PEPSIN.--A ferment found in the digestive juice secreted by the stomach.

PELVIC FLOOR.--The muscles, ligaments, and other tissues which form the bottom of the basin inclosed between the hips.

PELVIS.--The bony ring formed chiefly by the hip bones. Posteriorly the ring is completed by the sacrum.

PERINEUM.--The region extending backward from the outlet of the vagina to the rectum; it is the most essential part of the pelvic floor.

PHYSIOLOGY.--Scientific knowledge of the manner in which the various parts of the body perform their duties.

PIGMENT.--Any coloring matter.

PLACENTA.--The organ through which the communication between the mother and the offspring is established. One of its surfaces is attached to the wall of the uterus; at about the middle point of the other surface the umbilical cord takes its origin.

PRENATAL.--Pertaining to the period before birth.

PROTEIN.--A food-stuff which is distinguished by the fact that it contains nitrogen and is a tissue builder.

PROTOPLASM.--The living substance in the cells which compose our bodies.

PUBERTY.--Sexual maturity in human beings.

PUBIC BONES.--The part of the pelvis which forms an arch in front of the bladder.

PUERPERIUM.--The same as the lying-in period.

RETINA.--The innermost coat of the eye-ball and the one which receives visual impressions.

RICKETS.--A disease of infancy characterized by softening of the bones.

SECRETION.--The product of the activity of a gland.

SEDIMENT.--The material which settles to the bottom of any liquid.

SPERMATOZOON (plural spermatozoa).--The microscopic cell contributed by the male parent, which stimulates the ovum to begin its development.

SUPPOSITORY.--A medicinal substance made into the form of a cone to be introduced into the rectum.

TERM.--The time of expected delivery.

THERAPEUTIC.--Concerned with the treatment of disease.

THYMUS GLAND.--A structure located behind the breast bone near the root of the neck. Only traces of it are found in adult life.

TISSUE.--An aggregation of similar cells in a definite fabric, as muscle, nerve, gland, etc.

TUBES.--The oviducts.

UMBILICAL CORD.--The structure carrying the blood vessels which pass between the placenta and the child's navel.

UTERUS.--The womb: a hollow muscular organ designed to receive, protect, nourish, and expel the product of conception.

VAGINA.--The canal through which the child passes from the uterus into the world.

VEIN.--A vessel through which the blood flows back to the heart.

VERNIX.--The fatty substance deposited over the skin of the newly born infant.

VIABLE.--Capable of living.

VILLI (singular villus).--The microscopic, finger-like processes which hang from one of the surfaces of the placenta and are surrounded by the mother's blood.

VISCERA.--The internal organs which occupy the cavities of the chest and the abdomen.

VULVA.--The folds of tissue which surround the outlet of the vagina.

The Prospective Mother - 45/45

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