Schulers Books Online

books - games - software - wallpaper - everything

Bride.Ru

Books Menu

Home
Author Catalog
Title Catalog
Sectioned Catalog

 

- Baron d'Holbach - 1/22 -


Originally published 1914

This e-text transcribed by David Ross

Proofed by Richard Farris

BARON D'HOLBACH A Study of Eighteenth Century Radicalism in France

by

MAX PEARSON CUSHING

Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, in the Faculty of Political Science, Columbia University

New York 1914

Press of The New Era Printing Company Lancaster, PA

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction.

CHAPTER I. HOLBACH THE MAN.

Early Letters to John Wilkes.

Holbach's family.

Relations with Diderot, Rousseau, Hume, Garrick and other important persons of the century.

Estimate of Holbach. His character and personality.

CHAPTER II. HOLBACH'S WORKS.

Miscellaneous Works.

Translations of German Scientific Works.

Translations of English Deistical Writers.

Boulanger's _Antiquité dévoilée_.

Original Works: _Le Christianisme devoilé_. _Théologie portative_. _La Contagion sacrée_. _Essai sur les préjugés_. _Le bons-sens_.

CHAPTER III. THE _Système de la Nature_ AND ITS PHILOSOPHY.

Voltaire's correspondence on the subject.

Goethe's sentiment.

Refutations and criticisms.

Holbach's philosophy.

APPENDIX. HOLBACH'S CORRESPONDENCE.

Five unpublished letters to John Wilkes.

[ENDNOTES]

BIBLIOGRAPHY.

Part I. Editions of Holbach's works in Chronological Order.

Part II. General Bibliography.

BARON D'HOLBACH

A une extréme justesse d'esprit il joignait une simplicité de moeurs tout-à-fait antique et patriarcale.

J. A. Naigeon, _Journal de Paris_, le 9 fev. 1789

INTRODUCTION

Diderot, writing to the Princess Dashkoff in 1771, thus analysed the spirit of his century:

Chaque siècle a son esprit qui le caractérise. L'esprit du nôtre semble être celui de la liberté. La première attaque contre la superstition a été violente, sans mesure. Une fois que les hommes ont osé d'une manière quelconque donner l'assaut à la barrière de la religion, cette barrière la plus formidable qui existe comme la plus respectée, il est impossible de s'arrêter. Dès qu'ils ont tourné des regards menaçants contre la majesté du ciel, ils ne manqueront pas le moment d'après de les diriger contre la souveraineté de la terre. Le câble qui tient et comprime l'humanité est formé de deux cordes, l'une ne peut céder sans que l'autre vienne à rompre. [Endnote 1:1]

The following study proposes to deal with this attack on religion that preceded and helped to prepare the French Revolution. Similar phenomena are by no means rare in the annals of history; eighteenth-century atheism, however, is of especial interest, standing as it does at the end of a long period of theological and ecclesiastical disintegration and prophesying a reconstruction of society on a purely rational and naturalistic basis. The anti-theistic movement has been so obscured by the less thoroughgoing tendency of deism and by subsequent romanticism that the real issue in the eighteenth century has been largely lost from view. Hence it has seemed fit to center this study about the man who stated the situation with the most unmistakable and uncompromising clearness, and who still occupies a unique though obscure position in the history of thought.

Holbach has been very much neglected by writers on the eighteenth century. He has no biographer. M. Walferdin wrote (in an edition of Diderot's Works, Paris, 1821, Vol. XII p. 115): "Nous nous occupons depuis longtemps à rassembler les matériaux qui doivent servir à venger la mémoire du philosophe de la patrie de Leibnitz, et dans l'ouvrage que nous nous proposons de publier sous le titre "D'Holbach jugé par ses contemporains" nous espérons faire justement apprécier ce savant si estimable par la profondeur et la variété de ses connaissances, si précieux à sa famille et à ses amis par la pureté et la simplicité de ses moeurs, en qui la vertu était devenue une habitude et la bienfaisance un besoin." This work has never appeared and M. Tourneux thinks that nothing of it was found among M. Walferdin's papers. [2:2] In 1834 Mr. James Watson published in an English translation of the _Système de la Nature_, _A Short Sketch of the Life and the Writings of Baron d'Holbach_ by Mr. Julian Hibbert, compiled especially for that edition from Saint Saurin's article in Michaud's _Biographie Universelle_ (Paris, 1817, Vol. XX, pp. 460-467), from Barbier's _Dict. des ouvrages anonymes_ (Paris, 1822) and from the preface to the Paris edition of the _Système de la Nature_ (4 vols., 18mo, 1821). This sketch was later published separately (London, 1834, 12mo, pp. 14) but on account of the author's sudden death it was left unfinished and is of no value from the point of view of scholarship. Another attempt to publish something on Holbach was made by Dr. Anthony C. Middleton of Boston in 1857. In the preface to his translation to the _Lettres à Eugenia_ he speaks of a "Biographical Memoir of Baron d'Holbach which I am now preparing for the press." If ever published at all this _Memoir_ probably came to light in the _Boston Investigator_, a free-thinking magazine published by Josiah P. Mendum, 45 Cornhill, Boston, but it is not to be found. Mention should also be made of the fact that M. Assézat intended to include in a proposed study of Diderot and the philosophical movement, a chapter to be devoted to Holbach and his society; but this work has never appeared. [3:3]

Of the two works bearing Holbach's name as a title, one is a piece of libellous fiction by Mme. de Genlis, _Les Diners du baron d'Holbach_ (Paris, 1822, 8vo), the other a romance pure and simple by F. T. Claudon (Paris, 1835, 2 vols., 8vo) called _Le Baron d'Holbach_, the events of which take place largely at his house and in which he plays the rôle of a minor character. A good account of Holbach, though short and incidental, is to be found in M. Avézac-Lavigne's _Diderot et la Société du Baron d'Holbach_ (Paris, 1875, 8vo), and


Baron d'Holbach - 1/22

    Next Page

  1    2    3    4    5    6   10   20   22 

Schulers Books Home



 Games Menu

Home
Balls
Battleship
Buzzy
Dice Poker
Memory
Mine
Peg
Poker
Tetris
Tic Tac Toe

Google
 
Web schulers.com
 

Schulers Books Online

books - games - software - wallpaper - everything